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LIM domain kinase 1 (LIMK1)

Target Class
Kinase
Family
TKL
Official Symbol
LIMK1
Entrez Gene ID
3984
Species
Human
Accession Number
NP_002305.1
Alias Names
LIM domain kinase 1; LIM motif-containing protein kinase; LIMK; LIMK-1
Background
There are approximately 40 known eukaryotic LIM proteins, so named for the LIM domains they contain. LIM domains are highly conserved cysteine-rich structures containing 2 zinc fingers. Although zinc fingers usually function by binding to DNA or RNA, the LIM motif probably mediates protein-protein interactions. LIM kinase-1 and LIM kinase-2 belong to a small subfamily with a unique combination of 2 N-terminal LIM motifs and a C-terminal protein kinase domain. LIMK1 is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates actin polymerization via phosphorylation and inactivation of the actin binding factor cofilin. This protein is ubiquitously expressed during development and plays a role in many cellular processes associated with cytoskeletal structure. This protein also stimulates axon growth and may play a role in brain development. LIMK1 hemizygosity is implicated in the impaired visuospatial constructive cognition of Williams syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
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Related Group Members: TKL
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KINOMEscan TKscan BROMOscan NHRscan GPCRscan PATHscan
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